Gudalur Narayanaswamy Balasubramaniam (6 January 1910 – 1 May 1965). He was popularly known as GNB, was an Indian Carnatic singer. He, along with his contemporaries Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer and Madurai Mani Iyer, are referred to as the 20th-century male trinity of Carnatic music. He innovated laya control and reducing the gamakas which later on made Carnatic music appeal to each and every audience. He was also a Tamil film actor.
Few great albums are:
G.N.Balasubramaniam Vol – 01
G.N.Balasubramaniam – Classical Live Concert Vol II
Vararagalaya (Live at Music Academy, 1964)
Sangeethamrutham (Live at Kallidaikurichi, 1954)
Ragamrutham – Live at Mysore, 1957
He acted in Bama Vijayam (1934), Sathi Anusuya (1937), Sakuntalai (1940), Udayanan Vasavadatta (1947) (with Vasundhara Devi, mother of Vijayanthimala), and Rukmangadhan (1947). In “Sakunthalai”, he appeared as Dushyantha, alongside the vocalist M.S. Subbulakshmi.
Gudalur Narayanaswamy Balasubramaniam worked as the Deputy Chief Producer of Carnatic Music, in A.I.R Chennai. 250 krithis were composed by him, mostly in Telugu with a few in Sanskrit and Tamil. GNB also invented new ragas. He taught a number of students during his active years.
His health deteriorated and worsened after a major stroke in the late 1950s. He died on 1 May 1965, aged 55.